Комаров Артём о свойствах сварного шва (eng)
Комаров Артём о свойствах сварного шва (eng)

Комаров Артём о свойствах сварного шва (eng)

Welds have a greater impact on the quality of a strong welded joint, Artem Komarov said.

Weld geometry

From the point of view of the properties of the welded joint, the geometry of the weld has significant parameters that can change the mechanical properties of the welded joint. These properties are influenced by certain welding parameters, such as:

— Arc current

— Arc voltage

— Arc speed, etc.

Артём Комаров


Weld specification

Bead geometry can be determined based on the following points:

— Width of the weld

— Reinforcement height

— Reinforcement area

— Penetration height

— Penetration zone

— Weld contact angle

Many other factors such as nugget area, percentage dilution, pool shape factor, bead shape factor, and ripple form factor are also can be included in the geometry of the bead, Artem Komarov noted.

Weld width

The maximum width of the deposited metal is the width of the weld. It increases with arc current; arc voltage and electrode weaving and decreases with as the arc speed increases.


The lifting efficiency is determined by the penetration into the welded structure.

The penetration height is the distance from the top surface of the plate to the maximum length of the welded nugget.

Penetration zone

The area of penetration is covered with a melting line below the level of the base metal. He is responsible for attachment to the strength of the weld.

Reinforcement height

Maximum distance between the level of the base metal and the top point deposited metal is called the reinforcement height.

Square reinforcement

The reinforcement area is the area included between the contour line of the deposited metal above the level of the base metal.

Contact angle

The contact angle is switched between the tangent to the weld metal at the meeting point weld metal and base metal and base metal line. Affects undercuts and overlapping bead shapes.

Penetration height, penetration area reinforcement height, and reinforcement area, all increase the arc current increase and as arc travel speed decreases.


Thus, thinner workpieces require lesser currents, small diameter electrodes, and faster arc travel

Penetration can also be increased or decreased by deflecting the welding arcs in the backward or forward direction, using DC magnetic fields, summed up Artem Komarov.